A cataract is a clouding of the internal lens of the eye. The clouding and blurring effect leads to a decrease in vision as it becomes more difficult to see the image. As the lens becomes cloudier, vision becomes blurry, and also be distorted. People with cataracts commonly experience difficulty in seeing and discerning colors as well as difficulty noticing changes in contrast, driving, reading, recognizing faces, and coping with glare from bright lights.
Common risk factors for developing cataracts include the natural aging process, certain medications, eye trauma and various surgeries, smoking, and unprotected excessive exposure to sunlight and UV rays.
Most people will have a slight cataract in one or both eyes by age 60. The condition tends to progress slowly over 5-15 years. An annual eye exam is recommended for people over age 60 to measure eyesight and evaluate overall eye health. Several eye health disorders and vision concerns can be treated early and cured, or progression of the condition can be slowed. If you have any concerns about your eye health, see an eye doctor right away.
If you have questions regarding cataracts, call our office or ask Dr. Douglas Kelley at your next appointment.